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WARNING: This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
    There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
    Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.


Smoking-Gun docs.


Response Analysis Corporation




Al Vogel    

— A workplace efficiency consultant who was a paid consultant to the tobacco industry to discount the problem of ETS. —  

A Vogel was one of the tobacco industry's favourite witnessses in the 1980s and 90s. He was particularly useful with the States Division of the Tobacco Institute, since he was always available at a moments notice to be flown to any city with threatened to pass anti-smoking ordinances.

Some key documents

• Ran a company called Response Analysis

1983 May 9: Katherine Becker's internal memo to Dan Milway (finance) at the Tobacco Institute about the use of Dr Lewis Solmon... to clarify how he will work with Trish Milita at Ogilvy & Mather Public Relations.

    This follows a "Smoking in the Workplace" Task force conference.

Al Vogel of Response Analysis [Corp] is also preparing a questionnaire. Solomon has been bought in to counter the "Weis-specific questions"
[Seattle University's Professor William Weis had calculated that the additional cost-burden of smokers in a company was $4,789 per year]

    Those to be "kept fully apprised of relevant developments and decisions [on workplace smoking issues]: Hurst Marshall, Alex King, Trish Milita (O&M), Bill Kloepfer/Bill Toohey and myself."

1984 May 2: Ogilvy & Mather's monthly report to Peter Sparber at the Tobacco Institute says:

Al Vogel completed the first report on the workplace smoking/producti- vity study. We met with him to review that report and to make revisions. You received the most recent copy early this week. Al will send a copy to John Rupp at Covington & Burling immediately.

We identified an economist, Tom Borscheding, to testify against California Senate Bill 1961, which calls for excise tax increases. The agency prepared his testimony, which he will give May 2.
James Savarese was an employee of Ogilvy & Mather at this time.

1984 Sept 6: O&M's Montly Activities Report [Patricial Milita] specifies:

  • numerous activities with Al Vogel
  • meeting with Bob McIntyre, the legislative director for CTJ.[Also Dean Tipps]
  • Participated in the first meeting of the Tobacco Industry Labor Management Committee and prepared the minutes.
  • Began to identify possible minority consultants; one for the long-term and one to write an article criticizing the discrimination inherent in William Weis' work.
  • Hired Roger Kormendi to prepare testimony for submission to the Senate Finance Committee.
  • Researched and wrote background information on Paul Craig Roberts. Participated in two meetings with him to discuss possible consulting arrangement with The Institute.

1984 Oct 2: Ogilvy & Mather (O&M) Monthly report to Peter Sparber at the Tobacco Institute.

  • Public Smoking
    • Identified possible minority consultant, Robert Ethridge, to be used with William Weis. [A Seattle professor who said smoker's cost their employers $4,600 pa]
    • Acted as liaison between client and Eva Baker ; received a preliminary proposal late in the month.
    • Reviewed some of Marvin Kristein's work and presented recommendations on how we might proceed.
    • Reviewed and edited Al Vogel's article on productivity survey.
    • Mailed press material on Response Analysis productivity survey to approximately 60 regional business and management publications; began follow-up calls and began responding to requests for additional information.
  • Labor/Excises
  • Other Activites

1985 Mar 21: Hurst Marsahll to Jack Kelly, re Californian Tax Reform Advisory Commission. He suggests that at the Californian hearings they utilise:

  • "the Californian economist, Thomas Borcherding" to prepare a "sound economic paper on the subjects of excise taxes."
  • Al Vogel will be a witness on productivity.
  • Steve Schlossberg on labor implications.
  • Bob Klotz on enforcement.
  • Lew Solmon on economics.

1986 Jan: The Public Relations Resources Commitee of the Tobacco Institute lists him in their Resource Catalog as a witness for hire.

Following is a catalogue of resources the Public Relations Division has compiled for use by field staff and others.

    The catalogue is organized according to specific resources for the four major issues. Resources are defined as witnesses, materials, publications, corporate relations, and public service programs.
In the separate listings for witnesses available for local ordinance hearings, State Assembley inquiries, etc. he is listed as:
Al Vogel, Vice President,Response Analysis Corporation, Princeton, NJ
  • Discusses smoking and productivity in the workplace
  • Has directed hundreds of employee attitude and organizational effectiveness studies for a variety of American companies, including a 1984 survey for TI on productivity of smokers and nonsmokers
  • Most effective in one-on-one meetings with personnel managers
  • Allow two weeks notice — PR approval needed '

1986 Oct 3: A Tobacco Institute report on the economists network, lists the Congressmen they are expected to influence,and the economist's various academic specialities.

    This early list is probably the most detailed of all. A later section of this 43 page document also runs through the 28 main states giving the names and details of witnesses willing to speak to legislators on Taxes (almost exclusively economists), and those available as witnesses for the tobacco industry on Public Smoking issues (economists and a range of others)

    A major effort had also been made recently to enlist fire officers and brigades to counter demands for a 'fire-safe' cigarette which had low ignition propensity.

    This is typical of many of the states where Vogel is offered as a Public Smoking Witness.

NEW JERSEY, (Rep. Guarini, Sen Bradley)
Tax Witnesses: Materials available
Michael Crew [Nothing listed]
Public Smoking Witnesses: Materials available
Al Vogel (productivity)
Steve Schlossberg (labor implications)
Lew Solmon (economics)
Bob Klotz (enforcement)
Voter survey
Economic survey
Labor assistance
Response Analysis summaries
Public Smoking topic sheet
"Some Considerations" workplace kits
"In Defense of Smokers" reprint
"The Other Side of the Smoking Controversy" reprint
Letter writing brochure
Fire Safety Education Grant to: Atlantic City Fire Department — Raymond Osbeck



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