This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.
— George C Marshall think-tank member and president —
Some key documents
• He has been a member of many scientific committees, including the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Strategic Defense Initiative.
• He has maintained an interest in applied physics and the impact of science and technology on public policy. He has served as a consultant to numerous firms and government agencies, including Singer-Kearfott, Litton Industries, Bendix, RCA, the Applied Physics Laboratory of the Johns Hopkins University, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Naval Air Development Center, the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and the Department of Energy.
Dr. Happer has published more than 100 scientific papers in The Physical Review, The Physical Review Letters, The Reviews of Modern Physics, and other scientific journals and encyclopedias.
1960,: he received a bachelor of science degree in physics from the University of North Carolina (UNC). While at UNC, he held a Morehead Scholarship and a National Merit Scholarship.
1964,: Dr. Happer received a doctorate degree in physics from Princeton. During his graduate education at Princeton, he had a National Science Foundation Fellowship, a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, and a Queen Fellowship.
1964,: he went to Columbia University as a research associate in its Radiation Laboratory. While at Columbia, he held the positions of instructor, assistant professor, and professor in the Department of Physics.
1971–76: Co-director of the Columbia Radiation Laboratory,
1976: Dr. Happer is a member of JASON, a group of nationally known scientists who advise government agencies on defense, energy, and other technical issues. From 1987 to 1990, he served as chairman of JASON. He has been a member since 1976.
1976: Dr. Happer spent the spring of 1976 at the Max Planck Institute for Laser Research at Garching, West Germany, with the support of an Alexander von Humboldt Award.
1976–79: From 1976 to 1979 he served as director of the Columbia Radiation Laboratory, and co-director from 1971 to 1976.
1985,: he chaired a review panel of the National Academy of Sciences for the DOE's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program.
1987–90: Dr. Happer is a member of JASON, a group of nationally known scientists who advise government agencies on defense, energy, and other technical issues. From 1987 to 1990, he served as chairman of JASON
1987: Board member of the George C Marshall Institute
1987 Nov: Dr. William Happer joined MITRE's Board of Trustees and served until July 1991, when he resigned to become director of the Office of Energy, U.S. Department of Energy in the Bush Administration.
1989–93: Director of Energy Research, Department of Energy, for the Bush I Administration
1991: He rejoined MITRE's board the following August.
1991 Jul: , he became the director of the Office of Energy, U.S. Department of Energy in the Bush Administration, a position he retained until May 1993.
2006 Oct: George C Marshall Institute
William Happer Chairman of the Board of Directors (GMI);
Eugene Higgens Professor of Physics, Princeton University
Board Member Since 1987
Dr. William Happer is a specialist in laser spectroscopy, optical pumping, radio frequency spectroscopy, and magnetic resonance. He is a professor in the Department of Physics at Princeton University and a prominent technical consultant to industry and government.