This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.
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Arthur Joseph Goldberg
PRELIMINARY MATERIAL ONLY
1908 Aug 8: Born Chicago [Material below from theNew York Times obituary]
1930: Graduated After studying at Crane Junior College and De Paul University, Arthur Goldberg entered Northwestern University Law School, graduating at the head of its class of 1929 and earning a doctorate, summa cum laude, in 1930. He became a union lawyer.
1942: a war-time Army officer.
1944,: serving with with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) under Wm Casey. This later became the CIA, and Casey went on to serve as the Director of Intelligence under Ronald Reagan.
1948–61: Washington DC-based general counsel of United Steelworkers and was active in negotiations toward settling major strikes in the steel industry
1948–55: general counsel of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
1955: Mr Goldberg did much, as a union lawyer, to bring about the historic merger in 1955 of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations AFL-CIO. After the AFL-CIO was formed, he became the main figure to draft rules on ethics.
1955–61: special counsel to the industrial union department of the AFL-CIO
1959: He represented the steelworkers in negotiations during a strike that lasted more than 100 days and that led to a contract that was widely seen as a major gain for labor.
1961: then general counsel of the United Steelworkers of America, was named Secretary of Labor by President John F. Kennedy.
1962: Kennedy named him to the Supreme Court - as Associate Justice. He replaced the more conservative Felix Frankfurter, and so tilted the Court toward liberal activism.While Frankfurter was \on the Court, he led a five-Justice majority that favored judicial restraint, including respect for states' rights and deference to Capitol Hill
The arrival of Goldberg (a liberal, though not a rigid one) on the Warren Supreme Court, proved to be a watershed. It led to a change in the course of the Court's rulings. Goldberg became a member of a group (usually constituting a cohesive majority of the nine Justices) often disparingly termed 'activist' or 'liberal'.
1965: President Johnson asked him to become UN Representatitive during the Vietnam War: the post previously held by Adlai Stevenson. He was reluctant, and it was a choice he later regretted. Johnson strongly appealed to Goldberg's patriotism. ''My President has told me that I can save American soldiers' lives'' by helping to work out a Vietnam peace arrangement, the Justice told his former clerk (Dershowitz).
In truth, Johnson wished to name his friend Abe Fortas (of Arnold, Fortas & Porter) to the Supreme Court when Goldberg stepped down. All three of these named partners were close friends and associates of Johnson.
1967 Nov: His most significant achievement on the UN was his role in drafting Security Council Resolution 242, which was passed in November 1967 after the Middle East war that year. However he failed to get the United Nations involved in an attempt to bring about an acceptable end to the Vietnam War. In addition, behind the scenes, Goldberg had grave differences with Johnson over Vietnam policies.
1968 March: (mid) Goldberg sent Johnson a memo suggesting that the United States stop "''the aerial and naval bombardment of North Vietnam for the limited time necessary to determine whether Hanoi will negotiate in good faith''" in peace talks. Johnson said no. On March 20 he pressed his proposal at a meeting of the President and his advisors
1968 Mar 31: Johnson announced an unconditional and sweeping, but less than total, cutback in the bombing. Talks between the United States and North Vietnam ensued in Paris, and Johnson eventually stopped all bombing of the north.
1968: (Three years after his appointment) he resigned from UN role citing frustrations and disappointments, including "''the limitations of the scope of my office''" in regard to getting the United Nations involved in a Vietnam peace effort.
After he left the United Nations, he served as president of the American Jewish Committee, the nationwide human rights organization, in 1968 and 1969.
1968: He became a member of the Manhattan law firm of Paul, Weiss, Goldberg, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison .
|Public Interest Law Firms
|1968 Charles Halpern left Arnold & Porters and established the Center for Law and Social Policy with Arthur Goldman. This was the nation's first liberal- and environmentally-oriented public interest law firm, and their move set off Joseph Coors and Richard Mellon Scaife on a series of counter-projects to fund conservative/business-oriented 'public interst law firms' to use law to attack the environmental movement.|
1970: Mr. Goldberg entered the race for Governor of New York as the Liberal-Democratic candidate, but he was soundly defeated by the Republican incumbent, Nelson A. Rockefeller. He proved to be a lackluster campaigner and he was easily defeated by Rockefeller, a long-entrenched power in state politics.
1971: Goldberg returned to Washington, where he resumed his career. He worked on international arbitration cases
1973 Sep 14: The Tobacco Institute has commissioned this confidential report into Charles R Halpern [ex A&P], of the Center for Law and Social Policy which is based in Washington DC.
Mr Halpern has been incommunication with the Board of Governors and others at Harvard urging that they rescind their work on the tobacco research project at Harvard. This was Gary Huber's initial $3 million project, which he was forced to abandon in 1979 when the tobacco industry relocated him to the University of Kentucky. Other participants in the Center were:
- Arthur Goldberg (Chairman) [Secretary for Labor, then Associated Supreme Court Justice, then from 1965 UN Ambassador]
- Joe Onek, the "active head" of the Center [ex Senator Ted Kennedy's staff]
- Margaret Eddleman
- Pat Wald, wife of Bob Wald.
In discussion with Abe Krash [tobacco lawyer-lobbyist with A&P], he advised that Bob Wald was very, very bright and could have become a partner in their firm.
1975: With the US delegation to the Helsinki agreements on human rights. At the 35-nation gathering, he voiced vigorous criticism of Eastern bloc nations on human rights.
1977: and 1978 He served the Carter Administration as a United States Ambassador-at-large.
1990 Jan 18: Died.