This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.
— University of Stockholm researcheer who became mixed up in some tobacco industry scam conferences. —
Some key documents
Marianne Frankenhaeuser, University of Stockholm
1974 March 27 - 29: Tobacco Smoke Effects on the Non-smoker; International Workshop (Bermuda). This was a full conference set up with a preponderance of tobacco scientists — Rylander, Sterling, Cederlof, Schievelbein. [Rylander was at Geneva Uni at this time]
This was obviously a highly-selected conference, where the intellectual weight, if not the numbers, would be with the tobacco touts. There are no formal speakers, but a number of rapporteur's and discussion leaders had been designated to direct the working/discussion groups.
Secretaries, dictation equipment and typewriters will be available so that impromptu additions to the summaries, new presentations or pertinent queries can be prepared and distributed. It is envisaged to work after the sessions in working groups, which will meet in the evenings. Program and participants list settled 30 Jan 1974.
- Ragnar Rylander, a rapporteur, was then with the Institut de Medecine Sociale et Preventive, in Geneva. His secretary Vicky Nicolopoulou was organiser.
- Kaye H Kilburn, a rappoteur from the University of Missouri. School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Environmental Medicine.
- Morton Corn, University of Pittsburgh.
- Rune Cederlof, a rapporteur was with the Intitute of Hygiene, Karolinska Institute (Dalhalm and Rylander's old stamping ground)
- Helmut Schievelbein, University of Munich
- Theodor D Sterling, Simon Fraser University
- DCF Muir, Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh
- Yves Alari, University of Pittsburg
- Domingo Aviado, University of Pennsylvania
- Tore Dalhamn, Uppsala University
- Peter Cole, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London
- Marianne Frankenhaeuser, University of Stockholm
- Lars Friberg, Karolinska Institute
- HP Harke, Forschungsinsstitute, Hamburg
- Preston E McNally, Johnson Service Company, Milwauke
- John Collery, London University
- JA Nadel, University of California
- Michael AH Russell, Institute of Psychiatry, London
- J Haworth, Manitoba Hospital
- H Savel, Vermont University
- Richard Stewart, University of Milwauke
1976 Jan: Tom Osdene of Philip Morris is in London and meeting with BAT scientific staff. PM are proposing a joint conference in January 1977 in Mexico City or San Paulo on psycho-pharmacological effects of smoking.
The purpose of the meeting was to inform BAT that Philip Morris are planning a second conference on the psycho-pharmacological effects of smoking, similar to that held on Martens, French-Netherlands Antilles in 1972. A draft proposal is attached. The proposal suggests that a selected group of scientists convene to consider the question "Does cigarette smoking influence aggressive behavior in man" [An obscure esoteric thesis that Philip Morris would have had no interest in — nor would any of those involved have seriously asked the question.] This was to be little more than a junket for favoured scientist, with the conferees drawn from pharmacology, psychiatry, psychology and the social sciences.
Philip Morris used these conference/junkets to build a family of favoured scientists: she is listed here among 18 others as a potential participant:
Marianne Frankenhauser, PhD, Psychological Laboratories,University of Stockholm, Sweden (Psychophysiological effects of Smoking)" The proposal and the selection of some of the participants leaves little room to doubt as to the real purpose of this "scientific conference".
A great inducement to the prospective conferee is the prospect of travel to a distant meeting place with inherent physical and cultural attraction, such as, for midwinter, Mexico City, or Sao Paulo or some similar southerly location where adequate conference and recreational facilities can be had. An alternative arrangement would be to hold the conference in July 1979 aboard a cruise ship steaming among the fjords of Norway.
[The estimated cost was $56,000 — and they wanted to split it with BAT] The BAT scientist, SJ Green, has scrawled on the letter "I don't think BAT should share in this jamboree..."
1995 April 23 - 26: ARISE Workshop in Amsterdam introduced by Dr Van der Heijden, Director of the WHO in Bilhoven,
[WHO's Netherland's director, Van der Heijden appears to have been very easily sucked in by these lobbyists.]
Conference Conclusion: ARISE's recommendation is that people should live a life of moderate hedonism, so that they can live to the full the only life they are ever likely to have.
- David Warburton [tobacco tout] — survey of 16 developed countries The survey was carried out in New Zealand, Australia, Hong Kong, Greece, Italy, Spain, France, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Denmark, United Kingdom, United States and Canada. It was designed to discover the problems in the office workplace. The main finding was the common pattern that work was the major stressor (50%), worldwide.Nearly 8 out of 10 people who were stressed in the workplace found work was the major stressor in their lives.
- David Warburton and Judy Sulter from Competitive Edge, Peachtree City, Georgia — they have identified some contributing factors. to stress. Job disastisfaction is a predictor of ill health and absenteeism.
"From research in the University of Reading's own laboratory, scientific evidence showed that a cup of coffee, a glass of wine, a cigarette, a few pieces of chocolate — these sort of little pleasures — calm people and make them feel better. Thus, these little pleasures can be an antidote to the stressors of life and help maintain an overall harmonious lifestyle."
- Prof Marianne Frankenhaeuser, Uni of Stockholm. — Problems with hormones and stress. — "Relaxing & Unwinding & Its Hormonal Correlates"
- Prof Hera Tsimara-Papastamatiou, Uni of Athens, — stressors and the progress of disease — "Stressors and Cancer"
- Prof, Klaus Jung, Uni of Mainz — the role of physical activity [Missing from second record]
- Dr Jan Snel, Uni of Amsterdam — caffeine — "Coffee & Information Processing"
- Prof Alberto Oliverio, Nat Resarch Center, Italy [Missing from one record] "Hormones & Immune Response"
- Dr Michael Bozarth, State Uni of New York [tobacco tout] [Missing from one record] "Brain Mechanisms of Pleasure Against Stressors"
- Prof Andy Smith, Uni of Bristol — food and caffeine's effect on memory — "Coffee & Sweets & Shift Work"
- Prof Ian Hindmarch, Uni of Surrey [tobacco tout]— nicotine, caffeine and chocolate improve congnitive and psychomotor performance. "Pleasure, Products & Everyday Skills."
- Dr Geoff Lowe, Uni of Hull [?]— alcohol and creativity in artists "Pleasure, Products & Creativity".
- Prof Chris Gratton and Simon Holliday, Sheffield Hallam Uni — pleasure choices [Missing from Second record]
- Prof Michael Robbins, Uni of Missouri-Columbia [Omitted from main record] — "Rituals of Pleasure in Everyday Life"
- Prof Christie Davies, Uni of Reading, sociologist — prohibitions lead to criminal behavior.— "Moralistic Approaches to Pleasure"
- Prof Keith Botsford, Prof of Journalism and History, Boston Uni [tobacco tout] — "The New Puritanism".
- Dr Digby Anderson, Director of the Social Affairs Unit in London [tobacco tout] — political sociologist spoke on "The Nanny State Against Living"
- Dr Faith Fitzgerald, Uni of California, Medical School of Davis
— right to choose to die from either Altzheimers or CHD from smoking.
- Prof James McCormick, Trinity College Dublin [tobacco tout] — questioned the value of preventative medicine. — "Sick To Death of the Health Gurus"
- Prof Jean-Francois Malberby, Sherbrooke Uni, Canada [Omitted from one record] "Autonomy & Prevention"
- Dr Bruce Charlton, Uni of Newcastle [Omitted from one record] "Antidotes to Health Scares."[?]
- Dr John Luik, Niagra Institute [tobacco tout]— Does health have a moral basis? — "The Important Choices in Life."
- Prof Claude Javeau, Uni Libre de Bruxelle [tobacco tout] — Spoke on state intrusions into decision-making about pleasure pose significant dangers to democracy "The Choice of the Pleasures of Life and The Defence of Democracy"