This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.
(European Free Trade Association)
EFTA countries are those nations in Europe who chose to remain out of the European Economic Community (EEC) or Common Market, established between France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands. This later became the European Union. Britain was also excluded from the first EEC but it did not join the EFTA.
The EFTA consisted of:
- Switzerland which was determine to retain its neutrality;
- the Scandinavian countries had their own multinational trade relationships
- Finland (associated only)
- Austria sat uncomfortably between the Soviet bloc and the European allies and became a member of the EFTA rather than the EEC,
- Portugal was opposed by Spain in the EEC.
The agreement proposed the progressive elimination of customs duties on industrial products between the states (but no control over agricultural products or maritime trade.). And the EFTA was established by the Stockholm Convention signed on 4 January 1960 in Stockholm by these seven countries, (also Finland and Liechtenstein joined formally later).
The Soviet-dominated Baltic states and Eastern Europe were not initially invited into either the EEC or the EFTA,
Later countries moved progressively out of the EFTA and into the EEC.
Today, only Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein remain members of EFTA (of which only Norway and Switzerland are the only remaining founding members). The Stockholm Convention was subsequently replaced by the Vaduz Convention. This Convention provides for the liberalisation of trade among the member states.